Murcki Coal Mine


The coal was mined on Murckowskie Hill as early as 1657. At that time, the coal was mined in opencast working. Underground mining started in 1796. First, it was called Błogosławieństwo Emanuela Coal Mine (Emanuelssegen), and the mine was created from the merger of the Książę-Maria Coal Mine and Boże Dary Coal Mine. In 1976, the Murcki Coal Mine (the name derives from the Silesian word "umurckany", meaning "dirty") was established there. Today, after merging with Staszic Coal Mine in 2010 and Wujek Coal Mine in 2021, it is part of the Staszic-Wujek Coal Mine and belongs to the Polish Mining Group.

29.37 kilometers – at the time of writing this report, separating Kramatorsk, the temporary capital of the Donetsk Oblast, from the front line. One third of the 220,000 inhabitants remained. In the deserted city you can see mostly soldiers. They head to the front or return from it to rest for a while. The fate of Kramatorsk and eastern Ukraine depends on the outcome of fierce fighting. Military trucks and heavy equipment rush to nearby Bakhmut every day.