Murcki Coal Mine


The coal was mined on Murckowskie Hill as early as 1657. At that time, the coal was mined in opencast working. Underground mining started in 1796. First, it was called Błogosławieństwo Emanuela Coal Mine (Emanuelssegen), and the mine was created from the merger of the Książę-Maria Coal Mine and Boże Dary Coal Mine. In 1976, the Murcki Coal Mine (the name derives from the Silesian word "umurckany", meaning "dirty") was established there. Today, after merging with Staszic Coal Mine in 2010 and Wujek Coal Mine in 2021, it is part of the Staszic-Wujek Coal Mine and belongs to the Polish Mining Group.

An estimated 1,400 girls are not born every year in Armenia due to a rooted preference for male children. The son-bias combined with a lower birth rate, has led to an alarming number of sex-selective abortions. Community activities, various laws and television shows are addressing the issue - with positive results. But is the actual problem being tackled?