Niwka-Modrzejów Coal Mine


In 1945, two coal mines in Sosnowiec, Niwka and Modrzejów, were merged. The latter, immediately after its opening (it was built in 1909–1912), was incorporated into the Niwka Coal Mine, existing since 1833. The mine was closed under mysterious circumstances in 1999, just a few weeks after the new longwall was put into operation, despite the miners' protests. Some buildings have been included in the Sosnowiec Science and Technology Park.

29.37 kilometers – at the time of writing this report, separating Kramatorsk, the temporary capital of the Donetsk Oblast, from the front line. One third of the 220,000 inhabitants remained. In the deserted city you can see mostly soldiers. They head to the front or return from it to rest for a while. The fate of Kramatorsk and eastern Ukraine depends on the outcome of fierce fighting. Military trucks and heavy equipment rush to nearby Bakhmut every day.