Szombierki Coal Mine


One of the legends is that the mine and the district of Bytom originate from Piękna Góra - Schönberg (Beautiful Mountain). The beginnings of the mine date back to 1855, when the first of the mining fields, Hohenzollern, was established. In 1870, four fields were combined (including the Hohenzollern field), and the Paulus-Hohenzollern Coal Mine was established, which operated as a company until 1922. Then the Hohenzollern plant became independent again. In 1929, the Krystyna shaft was opened. In 1945, after Bytom was incorporated into the Republic of Poland, the name of the mine and the shafts were changed. In 1993, the Centrum area was added, and in 1996 the mine liquidation process began. In 2004, the Krystyna shaft was enlisted into the Register of Immovable Properties of the Silesian Voivodeship.

29.37 kilometers – at the time of writing this report, separating Kramatorsk, the temporary capital of the Donetsk Oblast, from the front line. One third of the 220,000 inhabitants remained. In the deserted city you can see mostly soldiers. They head to the front or return from it to rest for a while. The fate of Kramatorsk and eastern Ukraine depends on the outcome of fierce fighting. Military trucks and heavy equipment rush to nearby Bakhmut every day.