Wawel Coal Mine


It was established at the end of the 18th century as Brandenburg Coal Mine and was one of the first hard coal mines in Upper Silesia. In the following years, it was expanded with other coal fields. At the beginning of 1971, the Wawel Coal Mine was established from the merger of the Walenty-Wawel Coal Mine and Paweł Coal Mine. The last time the coal from Wawel Coal Mine was extracted was May 28, 1997.

The European Union, associated with the policy of open borders, is currently surrounded by over 2,000 kilometers of border fences.