Kazimierz-Juliusz Coal Mine


In 1938, two mines in Sosnowiec were merged: Kazimierz Coal Mine (1884) and Juliusz Coal Mine (1914), creating the Kazimierz-Juliusz Coal Mine in Kazimierz Górniczy in Sosnowiec. In 1945 Dorota Coal Mine joined the complex. It was the last European mine where coal was extracted in a unique system. Due to the enormous deposit angle, a longwall shearer did not work there (as in other Polish coal mines). Explosives were placed in the mining walkway, and after the detonation, the crushed excavated material was placed on a belt conveyor. In May 2015, the last tonne of coal was mined, and the mine was decommissioned in 2019.

29.37 kilometers – at the time of writing this report, separating Kramatorsk, the temporary capital of the Donetsk Oblast, from the front line. One third of the 220,000 inhabitants remained. In the deserted city you can see mostly soldiers. They head to the front or return from it to rest for a while. The fate of Kramatorsk and eastern Ukraine depends on the outcome of fierce fighting. Military trucks and heavy equipment rush to nearby Bakhmut every day.