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Makoszowy Coal Mine

Silesia

It was built at the beginning of the 20th century in Zabrze using Prussian shafts originally used by Guido Coal Mine and owned by Gwidon Henckel von Donnersmarck. After the third Silesian Uprising, the League of Nations awarded the mine to Poland, thus cutting off the German "Delbrück" plant from the deposits. In 1958, a massive fire broke out in the coal mine. The miners managed to escape the flames, but the breathing apparatuses stopped working after 20 minutes, resulting in 72 deaths and 87 coal miners seriously poisoned. The mine was closed in 2016.

29.37 kilometers – at the time of writing this report, separating Kramatorsk, the temporary capital of the Donetsk Oblast, from the front line. One third of the 220,000 inhabitants remained. In the deserted city you can see mostly soldiers. They head to the front or return from it to rest for a while. The fate of Kramatorsk and eastern Ukraine depends on the outcome of fierce fighting. Military trucks and heavy equipment rush to nearby Bakhmut every day.