PL | EN

War and economics: The Houthis, Russia, India and North Korea

Container operator A.P. Møller-Mærsk A/S transit in the Red Sea was suspended again at the end of 2023 after the attack by Yemen’s Houthi movement on one of the container ships. The attack came just after Mærsk resumed navigation and launched the international military protection operation “Prosperity Guardian”. The Houthi’s actions have led to significant disruptions to shipping through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea, one of the most essential oil, natural gas, grain, and consumer goods trade arteries between Europe and Asia. Attacks could drive up product prices – the cost and time of sea shipments increase, and the consequences of additional traffic on other routes will be felt worldwide.

In the North Korean port of Najin, located close to Russia, intensive work is underway after a long period of stagnation. According to experts, it is related to the growing arms trade and its supplies to Russia due to the war in Ukraine. Satellite images in late 2023 show a steady influx of ships into the port, hundreds of containers being loaded and unloaded, and carriages ready to transport goods. According to South Korean intelligence, since August last year, approximately one million pieces of artillery from North Korea arrived in Russia, broadly interoperable with Russian equipment.

According to the Russian authorities, oil shipments to the two most populous countries, India and China, constituted 90% of all oil exports from Russia in 2023. This is how the authorities in Moscow managed to circumvent Western sanctions in connection with the invasion of Ukraine. India buys Russian oil, sometimes at a discount, refines it, and then sells it to Europe.

Read also
Worms, nematodes and microorganisms in forensics, agriculture and nature conservation
Worms, nematodes and microorganisms in forensics, agriculture and nature conservation
Scientists from Chaminade University of Honolulu have identified a group of microorganisms that can be found on corpses at specific moments of their decomposition. It will make it easier to calculate the deceased’s time of death, which will be especially useful in criminal cases. In the study, a network of 20 different microorganisms appeared on […]
Bird flu virus in Great Britain and endangered migratory species
Bird flu virus in Great Britain and endangered migratory species
According to a report by the British Trust for Ornithology and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, since the attack of the bird flu virus in 2021, Great Britain has lost, among others, over 75% of the great skua population. The virus has also caused a 21% decline in the population of roseate […]
Child labour in the USA, Myanmar prisons and Koreans in China
Child labour in the USA, Myanmar prisons and Koreans in China
Many U.S. companies, including some of the country’s largest consumer brands, say they are taking steps to eliminate child labour. The number of audits is to be increased, especially on night shifts, when most minors work. Since 2021, hundreds of underage migrants have crossed the southern border of the United States alone, which has resulted […]
The Houthi movement and undersea communication cables and Internet blockades
The Houthi movement and undersea communication cables and Internet blockades
Yemen’s government has warned of Houthi sabotage of vital undersea communications cables, including internet connections, that run under the Red Sea and connect Asia with Europe. The group declared access to maps showing the route of undersea communication cables in the Bab al-Mandab Strait. However, experts are sceptical about the Houthis’ technical capabilities to cut […]
Robotic guide dog, MiniTouch and a smart ring
Robotic guide dog, MiniTouch and a smart ring
Scientists from the University of Glasgow are developing a robotic dog similar to a guide dog. Using artificial intelligence, RoboGuide is intended to make it easier for blind and visually impaired people to move freely around spaces such as museums, hospitals and shopping malls. It will be based on mapping sensors and assessing the environment […]
Previous issues