PL | EN

Migrants, refugees and the biggest refugee crises in numbers

According to data as of mid-2020, there were 281 million international migrants (people born in another country or have citizenship other than the country in which they reside). 48% are girls and women, and 13% are people under 18. By mid-2023, there were an estimated total of 36,4 million refugees and 6,1 million asylum seekers. Between 2014 and 2023, at least 59,437 people lost their lives or went missing during international migration. In the years 2002–2021, over 156,000 were identified or reported as cases of human trafficking. However, at the end of 2022, 71,1 million people had to migrate within their own country’s borders – 62,5 million due to conflicts and violence and 8,7 million due to disasters.

As for OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, permanent migration to them increased by 26% in 2022 compared to 2021. Preliminary data for 2023 indicate a further increase. In 2022, people from Venezuela, Cuba, Afghanistan and Nicaragua were the most likely to apply for asylum in OECD countries. In the case of refugees from Ukraine, as of June 2023, there were approximately 4,7 million Ukrainian women and Ukrainians in OECD countries. Germany, Poland and the United States accepted the most significant numbers of refugees from Ukraine in absolute terms, and Estonia, the Czech Republic and Lithuania in percentage of the population.

The most significant refugee crises in recent years include the crisis in Eritrea (501,000 people), the Central African Republic (over a million people), Somalia (over a million people), Sudan (over 800,000 people), in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (over 900,000 . people), in Myanmar (over 1 million people), in Afghanistan (almost 3 million people), in South Sudan (over 4 million people), in Venezuela (over 5,5 million people), in Syria (6,8 million people) and Ukraine (over 8 million people).

Read also
Cattle breeding vs climate and the problems of US meat producers
Cattle breeding vs climate and the problems of US meat producers
According to the results of research by specialists from the Polytechnic University of Valencia, the carbon footprint of beef cattle in Spain per kilogram of meat produced is 66% lower than the world average, as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) claims. According to scientists, it is influenced by the efficiency […]
Worms, nematodes and microorganisms in forensics, agriculture and nature conservation
Worms, nematodes and microorganisms in forensics, agriculture and nature conservation
Scientists from Chaminade University of Honolulu have identified a group of microorganisms that can be found on corpses at specific moments of their decomposition. It will make it easier to calculate the deceased’s time of death, which will be especially useful in criminal cases. In the study, a network of 20 different microorganisms appeared on […]
Bird flu virus in Great Britain and endangered migratory species
Bird flu virus in Great Britain and endangered migratory species
According to a report by the British Trust for Ornithology and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, since the attack of the bird flu virus in 2021, Great Britain has lost, among others, over 75% of the great skua population. The virus has also caused a 21% decline in the population of roseate […]
Orgasm optimization and holding hands
Orgasm optimization and holding hands
Can you optimize your orgasm? Technology first revolutionised how we meet partners and changed dating habits, and now it’s moving further – into the bedroom. Manufacturers of electronic gadgets are increasingly equipping them with new vibration settings and phone controls, “learning” our needs and analysing the collected data. All this is to provide us with […]
Child labour in the USA, Myanmar prisons and Koreans in China
Child labour in the USA, Myanmar prisons and Koreans in China
Many U.S. companies, including some of the country’s largest consumer brands, say they are taking steps to eliminate child labour. The number of audits is to be increased, especially on night shifts, when most minors work. Since 2021, hundreds of underage migrants have crossed the southern border of the United States alone, which has resulted […]
Previous issues