The medicine development thanks to robots and artificial intelligence
In combination with artificial intelligence and other innovative technologies, engineers are developing advanced robotics that heralds a new era in surgery. Scientists hope that robotic systems and AI will surpass surgeons’ skills, produce more consistent results and make fewer errors. Last year engineers at Johns Hopkins University used the Smart Tissue Autonomous (Star) robot in one of the most delicate procedures in surgical practice. It sewed up the ends of the cut intestines of four pigs. According to the experts, it worked better than a human surgeon.
Scientists from the Max Planck Society have created a small, pangolin-inspired robot that can swim inside the human body and carry medicine, warm up a selected body part, perform medical procedures or stop bleeding. The robot was tested on exercise tissue, but according to the researchers, it will be possible to place it in the patient’s body and perform tasks in hard-to-reach places, such as the stomach and small intestine. The robot’s dimensions allow it to move flexibly and effortlessly despite the tough and durable case.
Engineers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed the Visual-Robotics Bridge (VRB) model, thanks to which robots they build learn new actions by watching videos of people performing them. This is, for example, opening drawers or answering the phone. The VRB method does not require human supervision and can result in the acquisition of new skills in 25 minutes.