On January 20th, the region of Afrin was attacked by the Turkish army and its supporting militias. The operation is called “Olive Branch” On the one hand, this is a reference to a symbol of peace, on the other – to the olive trees cultivation, which Afrin is famous for. The purpose of the attack is to create a 30-kilometer-long security zone. So far the Turkish army has managed to occupy an area of about five kilometers in Syria. As a result of the ongoing fights and air strikes, at least 2.436 people were killed, including 296 civilians.