The Revolutionary Armed Forces Of Colombia (FARC)

The Revolutionary Armed Forces Of Colombia (FARC) were founded in the 60s during the civil war in Colombia. Initially the FARC troops were the armed wing of the Colombian Communist Party but over time the organisation evolved into a guerrilla group which financed its activity with kidnappings for ransom and drug trafficking. In 1984, after negotiations with the Colombian government, the movement announced a cease-fire. A year later it co-founded a left-wing Patriotic Union Party which won a lot of seats in local, parliamentary and senate elections. It began the repressions as a result of which around 6,000 members of the guerilla were killed within the next six years. FARC has returned to its old methods of combat. In 1999, the country witnessed protests against the operation of the organisation and the FARC began peace talks with the government. A year later, the United States launched the “Columbia Plan” program which subsidized Colombian government in its fight against the rebels. Because of that, the talks ended up in a fiasco. During the rule of president Álvaro Uribe (2002-2010) the army carried out numerous actions against the organization which weakened the rebel forces. Peace talks with FARC resumed in 2012 in Oslo and they were continued in Havana. The rebels freed the hostages and announced that they would no longer kidnap people. At the end of 2014, the government suspended the talks because the guerrillas abducted one officer. Another round of negotiations took place in 2015, after the FARC announced a ceasefire, which it then withdrew due to raids on their army headquarters (which Colombian government organised in retaliation for the killing of 11 officers). However, representatives of the rebels were still in the talks with the government. In the middle of the year another ceasefire was announced. In June, 2016, the FARC signed an agreement with the authorities of Colombia and the treaty ending the war. A peace treaty was rejected in a referendum. At the end of 2016, the modified document was ratified by the House of Representatives and the Senate. At the beginning of 2017, the rebels began demobilisation.