Eastern Ghouta is located 15 km west of the capital city of Damascus and used to be inhabited by about 400,000 people. It was seized by the anti-government forces at the beginning of the Syrian war in 2011. The Syrian army laid siege of Eastern Ghouta since mid-2013. It led to one of the worst humanitarian crises of the war. In February 2018, the regime’s forces launched an offensive supported by the Russian air force. According to Doctors Without Borders, 1005 people died and 4829 were injured only between February 18th and March 3rd. As a result, the Syrian army took full control of Ghouta. It was the longest-lasting siege in modern history.