Green ferries – new drives for passenger ships
Shipping currently accounts for 3% of carbon dioxide emissions, while transporting 80% of the world’s commercial goods. In response, Belgian company – CMB Tech has designed the first hydrogen-powered passenger ferry. CMB Tech has elaborated H2 upgraded Diesel internal combustion engine. According to Artemis Technologies’ plans, on the other hand, the EF-24 passenger ship will be a 100% electric, “flying” ferry. By raising the hull above the water, resistance will be dramatically reduced, providing an estimated fuel cost savings of 85% compared to diesel-powered ferries. This provides economic and environmental benefits: zero emissions, minimal carbon footprint and less noise. The 150-passenger ferry will enter service in 2024 and will serve the route between Belfast and nearby Bangor.
The small cruise ships of the Norwegian company Hurtigruten are powered by lower-emission marine oil, and there are no single-use plastics on board. The three vessels have hybrid propulsion and use battery power, reducing emissions by 20%. By 2030, Hurtigruten intends to introduce its first zero-emission vessel. The latest report on cruise ships published by Friends of the Earth International gives most major cruise lines failing grades for, among other reasons, inadequate sewage treatment and air pollution. The highest scoring cruise line is Regent Seven Seas Cruises, with a C+ rating. Cruise ship vacations are still one of the most polluting ways to spend leisure time.